What is the amniotic fluid for?

It is in this precious liquid that bathes the future baby for nine months. What is its role during pregnancy and childbirth? The point with the book "I'm waiting for a child" Laurence Pernoud.

The role of amniotic fluid during pregnancy

  • First, the amniotic fluid protects the baby from external trauma by forming a sort of mattress around him. It allows him to move easily inside the uterus and maintains an equal temperature. Finally, he brings each day to the child a certain amount of water and mineral salts.
  • At the end of the pregnancy, he facilitates what is called accommodation: the child tries to find his best position for the childbirth to proceed as easily as possible.

His role during childbirth

  • During delivery, the amniotic fluid accumulates at the lower pole of the egg to form the water pocket that helps the cervix to expand. After the rupture of the membranes (whether spontaneous - it is the loss of water - or caused by the midwife), the amniotic fluid flows outside and serves to lubricate the genital tract, thus to facilitate childbirth.
  • In fact, important as it is, the mechanical role of the amniotic fluid is certainly not the only one. But our knowledge in this area is not yet very big. The liquid is thought to contain substances useful for fetal growth, the fight against certain microbes, and other substances that would act on uterine contractions.

Amniotic fluid, a precious good

  • What is certain is that the amniotic fluid is a living place, a permanent area of ​​exchange between the mother and the child.
  • Finally, and this is not his least interest, the amniotic fluid allows examinations whose role is increasing in the medical surveillance of certain pregnancies: it is essentially amniocentesis.

Article from the book "I'm expecting a child" by Laurence Pernoud.

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